23 Mart 2012 Cuma

Bhong Mosque, Sadiqabad, Pakistan

 Bhong Mosque, Sadiqabad, Pakistan
(Bhong Camii, Sadıkabad, Pakistan)
The late Rais Ghazi Mohammad, the landlord of a large estate, began this project in 1932 in Bhong village, the most important of the scattered villages on his vast property.
The mosque was to be the most glorious building in his palace compound which also included a smaller mosque, a madrasa and rooms for students.
The work of specialists gathered from all over Pakistan and India (master masons and craftsmen from Rajasthan, calligraphers and painters from Karachi), the compound was designed and constructed over a period of nearly 50 years.
Broadly eclectic in their use of sources, the builders borrowed stylistic elements from nearby Lahore, as well as Iran, Spain and Turkey, and combined them with Western colonial elements of the 1940s.
Materials and crafts used range from the traditional (teak, ivory, marble, coloured glass, onyx, glazed tile work, fresco, mirror work, gilded tracery, ceramic, calligraphic work and inlay) to the modern and synthetic (marbleised industrial tile, artificial stone facing, terrazzo, coloured cement tile and wrought iron).
 Bhong Mosque, Sadıkabad, Pakistan
Only traditional materials were used in the mosque interiors. In the words of the jury:
"Bhong enshrines and epitomises the popular taste in Pakistan with all its vigour, pride, tension and sentiment. Its use, and misuse, of signs and symbols expresses appropriate growing pains of an architecture in transition."

Recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 1986.
The mosque is located at the distance of 200 kilometers from Bahawalpur and 45 kms from Rahim Yar Khan is well known for its exquisite design and architectural beauty with gold leaves carved for the intricate decorative patterns and the stylish calligraphic work.
"The messenger of Allah said:
"Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadhan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so."
He said: " You have spoken rightly", Jebreel (Gabriel) from Number 2 of "Al-Nawawi's Forty Hadiths."

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